East meets West – symbolizing the historic meeting of Soviet and American Armies on April 25, 1945 at the River Elbe near Torgau, Germany.
The Jalta Conference, codenamed the Argonaut Conference, February 4–11, 1945, was the World War II meeting between the most important winning nations represented by President Franklin D. Roosevelt (United States), Prime Minister Winston Churchill (United Kingdom) and Premier Joseph Stalin (Soviet Union), for the purpose of discuss Europe’s post-war reorganization. Among the other key points, one concerned an agreed that Germany and Berlin would be split into four occupied zones, decision formally applied on the following Potsdam Conference from 17 July to 2 August 1945.
First looks over the wall, 1961. Still a simply barbed wire fence.
Above and below: on August 12, 1961, thousand of people, approximately 3000, aware of DDR risks, fled from East to West Berlin. The following days, Kilometers of barbed wire replaced this fence.
Brandenburg door is close, on the DDR west side, 1961.
First curious looks over the wall, 1961. Still a simply barbed wire fence.
No more looks, no more escapes.
A child sitting on the shoulders of another boy peers over the wall at Liesen Street in West Berlin, August 23 1961
Evolution of the wall, 1961.
Crowd of West Berlin residents, observing a East German policeman along the young Berlin Wall, 1961.
An East German couple is turned away after trying to cross the border into West Berlin, 13 August 1961.
Günter Litfin was shot whilst attempting to escape across the Berlin Wall, 24 August 1961.
A refugee from the DDR is seen during his attempt to escape from the East German part of Berlin to West Berlin by climbing over the Berlin Wall on October 16, 1961. (AP Photo)
Iconic photo of the “incident of Checkpoint Charlie”, with tanks deployment at the border between URSS and USA, on 27 October 1961.
While the East German police looking the other way, a mother in East Berlin hands her young son across the border to his father, August 1961.
No man’s land, Killing of Peter Fechter, he was shot attempting to cross the border, 17 August 1962.
Toddler Michael Finder of East Germany is tossed by his father into a net held by residents across the border in West Berlin, 7 October 1962.
The escape of private Conrad Schumann jumping a barbed wire fence during construction of the Berlin Wall, on 15 August 1691 . He committed suicide in 1998.
16mm film (scene at minute 1:17, inside a video of “Istituto Luce”) and the iconic photo of Peter Leibing.
An East German teen hides in tall grass, far left, awaiting a chance to jump over the Berlin Wall in October 1961. “Crouching in a tangle of grass in East Berlin,” wrote LIFE when this escape sequence originally ran in he magazine, “and hidden except for his face (barely visible on the left side of the pic), a boy waits to make a break over the wall he must surmount to reach the West. Nearby is a patrol of East German Vopos who will shoot to kill if they see him.” LIFE.com
Looks on the wall, 1961-1962.
Looks over the wall.
Looks over the wall. #2
Looks over the wall. #3
Looks over the wall. #4
‘NXP/CBER1442996-10/5/64- WEST BERLIN, GERMANY: Refugees from East Berlin help a woman out of a tunnel to West Berlin as they escape from the Red regime 10/5. Fifty-seven refugees crawled through the 148-yard-long tunnel 35 feet under the Berlin wall before East German borderguards discovered it and fired 200 tommygun bullets into the tunnel entrance. None of the refugees was hit, but one Communist border guard died. It was believed by west officials that he had been hit accidently by another Red guard. UPI CABLEPHOTO (jd).’
Wolfgang Fuchs graveyard tunnel enabled lot of peole to escape, before it was discovered and sealed by DDR.
Two men open a hollow drum used to bring people over the border from East Berlin, 1965.
Passierscheinabkommen. Thousands of people line up in East Berlin to apply for a permit into the West, December 1963.
West Berlin policemen and East German Volkspolizei face each other across the Berlin because a runaway woman, circa 1955.
An East German guard throws a ball back on the West German side of the Berlin Wall, June 1962.
Two thousand years ago the proudest boast was “civis Romanus sum”. Today, in the world of freedom, the proudest boast is “Ich bin ein Berliner”.
US President John F. Kennedy views East Berlin from an elevated platform at Checkpoint Charlie as he made his famous “Ich bin ein Berliner” speech, 26 June 1962.
Instruments of death: AK-47 “Kalashnikov, used by East border troops.
Instruments of death: DDR automatic mine firing device SM-70.
Baader Meinhof Bande. Terrorist Red Army Faction on DDR side.
No Man’s Land: the demolition of the Versöhnungskirche on the border between East and West Berlin, January 25th, 1985 .
The Strelzyk family built a hot-air balloon under the noses of the DDR and on 16 September 1979, they escaped from Est to West German.
On 1982, Disney made a film based on Strelzyk amazing story.
“Tear down this wall!” President Ronald Reagan at the Brandenburg Gate near the Berlin Wall commemorating the 750th anniversary of Berlin, on 12 June 1987.
9 November 1989, Open borders between East and West.
The day after the fall of the Berlin Wall: East Germans into West Berlin checking out western pornography.
On 3 October 1990, the Federal Republic of Germany is formally reunificated.